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Volume 6, No 1 - Winter 2006

Volume 6, No 1 - Winter 2006

Table of Contents

Argon Plasma Coagulation and the Future Applications for Dual-Mode Endoscopic Probes Technique Review
Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is a thermoablative technique increasingly being used in endoscopy. Since its introduction, the flexible APC probe has been employed by endoscopists throughout the world. APC has helped change the endoscopic management of many gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, including hemorrhagic proctitis, watermelon stomach, bleeding peptic ulcer, and colonic varices. Endoscopists and surgeons are creatively combining standard and new electrosurgical techniques with APC. For instance, APC used in combination with piecemeal polypectomy, endoscopic mucosal resection, balloon dilatation for strictures, and plasma welding of bleeding vessels after sclerotherapy injection are among the recent innovative techniques reported. Other emerging innovations using APC that are being considered include endoscopic en bloc resection of mucosal and submucosal tumors of the GI tract, endoscopic mucosal resection supplemented with APC for high-grade dysplasia and early GI cancers, endoscopic repair of anastomotic strictures, and welding GI fistula tracts. As such, endoscopists require more efficient and cost-effective multifunctional thermoablative probes. This review discusses the development and the potential application of dual-mode plasma endoscopic probes in fulfilling these emerging needs. [Rev Gastroenterol Disord. 2006;6(1):1-12]
Sedationless Upper Endoscopy Technique Review
The use of sedation with peroral passage of conventionally sized endoscopes for upper endoscopy is the standard practice for most endoscopists in the United States. The administration of sedatives requires time-consuming and resource-intensive patient monitoring, has substantial cost, and can produce side effects and rare complications. Ultra-thin videoendoscopes (outer diameter less than 6 mm) have been developed, can easily be passed transorally or transnasally without sedation, and have been shown to be well tolerated and accurate. Unsedated upper endoscopy can provide an efficient, cost-effective alternative to standard endoscopy, should be useful for endoscopic screening, and can be offered as an option to conventional sedated examination. [Rev Gastroenterol Disord. 2006;6(1):13-21]
Intravenous Proton Pump Inhibitors Drug Review
Intravenous (IV) administration of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) is a faster way to achieve gastric acid suppression than oral administration of the same agent. Peak suppression after IV administration occurs within hours, compared with several days later after oral administration. Thus the IV route of administration offers a faster onset of gastric suppression, achievement of intragastric pH closer to neutrality, and better bioavailability. The PPIs that have IV formulations in the United States (esomeprazole, lansoprazole, and pantoprazole) are approved for different indications; the key differences among them relate to their ability to reach specific gastric pH, time to maintain a specific gastric pH, and ease of use of the IV formulation (eg, reconstitution, requirement of inline filters, infusion times). [Rev Gastroenterol Disord. 2006;6(1):22-34]
Report from the ACG Meeting Review
Highlights from the 70th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology October 28-November 2, 2005 Honolulu, HI
Advances in Liver Disease Meeting Review
Highlights from the 56th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases November 11-November 15, 2005 San Francisco, CA