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Volume 2, No 3 - Summer 2009

Volume 2, No 3 - Summer 2009

Table of Contents

Antibiotics in Pregnancy: Are They Safe?
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):135-136 doi: 10.3909/riog0092]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Anatomic Considerations in Gynecologic Surgery Images in Ob-Gyn
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):137-138 doi: 10.3909/riog0083]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
H1N1 Influenza in Pregnancy: What All Obstetric Care Providers Ought to Know Management Update
Pregnant women and their fetuses are at high risk of infection with the novel H1N1 influenza A virus. Obstetric providers need to be prepared to provide the care necessary to address the increased morbidity, mortality, and pregnancyrelated complications (including spontaneous miscarriage and preterm birth) faced by pregnant women during an influenza pandemic. This article reviews the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention strategies for the current H1N1 influenza pandemic.[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):139-145 doi: 10.3909/riog0089]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Advances in Suture Material for Obstetric and Gynecologic Surgery Technology Review
Despite millennia of experience with wound closure biomaterials, no study or surgeon has yet identified the perfect suture for all situations. Tissue characteristics, tensile strength, reactivity, absorption rates, and handling properties should be taken into account when selecting a wound closure suture. This review discusses the wound healing process and the biomechanical properties of currently available suture materials to better understand how to choose suture material in obstetrics and gynecology.[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):146-158 doi: 10.3909/riog0086]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Uses of Misoprostol in Obstetrics and Gynecology Treatment Update
Misoprostol is a synthetic prostaglandin E1 analogue that is used off-label for a variety of indications in the practice of obstetrics and gynecology, including medication abortion, medical management of miscarriage, induction of labor, cervical ripening before surgical procedures, and the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage. Due to its wide-ranging applications in reproductive health, misoprostol is on the World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines. This article briefly reviews the varied uses of misoprostol in obstetrics and gynecology.[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):159-168 doi: 10.3909/riog0055]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Complications of Laparoscopy in Benign and Oncologic Gynecological Surgery Technique Review
The evolution of laparoscopy from a diagnostic tool to a modality for major surgical procedures has been rapid and represents one of the most important surgical advancements in the past 30 years. Laparoscopy holds many advantages over laparotomy, including smaller surgical scars, faster recovery from surgery, and decreased time for return of bowel function. However, an appreciation of its potential complications is vital to patient care.[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):169-175 doi: 10.3909/riog0077]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Is Surgical Repair of the Fallopian Tubes Ever Appropriate? Treatment Review
The overall median prevalence of infertility, defined as no conception after more than 12 months of unprotected intercourse with the husband or cohabiting partner in women aged 15 to 44 years, is approximately 9%. About 25% to 33% of female infertility is the result of tubal disease and endometriosis. In view of very successful alternative treatment of tubal factor infertility, the surgical repair of the fallopian tubes is all but obsolete and has been replaced with assisted reproductive technology. This article reviews situations in which surgical repair of the fallopian tubes may facilitate conception.[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):176-185 doi: 10.3909/riog0078]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Malaria and Pregnancy: A Global Health Perspective Women's Health in the Developing World
Malaria, a parasitic infection transmitted by mosquitoes, is one of the most devastating infectious diseases, killing more than 1 million people annually. Pregnant women, children, and immunocompromised individuals have the highest morbidity and mortality, and Africa bears the heaviest burden. The World Health Organization defines malaria as a disease of poverty caused by poverty. Pregnant women infected with malaria usually have more severe symptoms and outcomes, with higher rates of miscarriage, intrauterine demise, premature delivery, low-birth-weight neonates, and neonatal death. They are also at a higher risk for severe anemia and maternal death. Malaria can be prevented with appropriate drugs, bed nets treated with insecticide, and effective educational outreach programs.[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):186-192 doi: 10.3909/riog0091]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Laparoscopic Entry: The Modified Alwis Method and More The Operator's Manual
Despite the rapid advances in laparoscopic surgery in the past 2 decades, the initial entry still accounts for approximately 40% to 50% of laparoscopic complications and should be considered the most dangerous step of a laparoscopic procedure. In this review, the authors share a technique for initial umbilical entry, and provide alternative entry sites in cases where umbilical entry is contraindicated.[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):193-198 doi: 10.3909/riog0088]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Mammography News and Views From the Literature
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):199-200 doi: 10.3909/riog0090a]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Nutrition News and Views From the Literature
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):200 doi: 10.3909/riog0090b]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Endometrial Polyps News and Views From the Literature
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):201 doi: 10.3909/riog0090c]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Hysterectomy News and Views From the Literature
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):201 doi: 10.3909/riog0090d]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Miscellaneous News and Views From the Literature
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):202 doi: 10.3909/riog0090e]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
Joey Clamp and Cutter™, The Utopia Group, LLC Summer 2009 Product Reviews
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):203-204 doi: 10.3909/riog0079]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
LUMIN™ Uterine Manipulator, Utah Medical Products, Inc. Summer 2009 Product Reviews
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):204-205 doi: 10.3909/riog0080]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
LiNA Loop®, LiNA Medical ApS Summer 2009 Product Reviews
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):205-206 doi: 10.3909/riog0081]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC
EnSeal™, Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Summer 2009 Product Reviews
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009;2(3):206-207 doi: 10.3909/riog0082]© 2009 MedReviews®, LLC