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Volume 4, No 1 - 2011

Volume 4, No 1 - 2011

Table of Contents

Tubal-Cervical Twin Pregnancy Images in OB-GYN
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;4(1):3-4 doi: 10.3909/riog0146]
Management of First Trimester Pregnancy Loss Can Be Safely Moved Into the Office Management Update
Management of first trimester pregnancy loss has conventionally involved two options: expectant management or dilation and curettage in the operating room. New options in the outpatient setting are providing women with alternatives that can be less expensive and performed in more private settings. This review discusses the available approaches to expectant, medical, and surgical management of first trimester loss and the comparative efficacy of each method.[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;4(1):5-14 doi: 10.3909/riog0142]
Ovarian Cancer Screening and Early Detection in the General Population Diagnostic Review
Worldwide, the estimated annual incidence of ovarian cancer is 204,000, with 125,000 deaths. In developed countries, ovarian cancer remains the most lethal of all gynecologic malignancies. One of the reasons for the high fatality rate is that more than 70% of women with ovarian cancer are diagnosed with advanced disease. There is a close correlation between stage at presentation and survival; therefore, early detection of ovarian cancer represents the best hope for mortality reduction and long-term disease control. There is preliminary evidence that screening can improve survival, but the impact of screening on mortality from ovarian cancer is still unclear. The proteomic approach has yielded encouraging preliminary findings, but these findings are not mature enough for clinical use. At this time, clear recommendations cannot be made on the basis of the available data. [Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;4(1):15-21 doi:10.3909/riog0143]
Maternal Health Considerations During Disaster Relief Women's Health in the Developing World
When disasters strike resource-poor nations, women are often the most affected. They represent the majority of the poor, the most malnourished, and the least educated, and they account for more than 75% of displaced persons. The predisaster familial duties of women are magnified and expanded, and they have significantly less support and fewer resources than they had before the incident. Moreover, after the disaster, they bear the responsibility of caring for their children, the elderly, the injured, and the sick. Besides the effects of the disaster, women become more vulnerable to reproductive and sexual health problems and are at increased risk for physical and sexual violence. Women become both victims and the primary caretakers. Health practitioners are often not aware of these issues when providing emergency care. Developing a disaster relief team with experts in maternal health is necessary to improve womenís health outcome.[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;4(1):22-27 doi: 10.3909/riog0149]
The Role of Mechanical Bowel Preparation in Gynecologic Laparoscopy The Operatorís Manual
Various combinations of dietary restriction, antibiotic regimens, and mechanical preparations have become routine in preoperative surgical planning for elective colon surgery. This practice has also become commonplace in the field of gynecology, either for planned bowel surgery or in complex cases that are believed to be high risk for inadvertent bowel injury. As the trend in gynecologic surgery shifts toward more minimally invasive approaches, the complexity of cases being performed by laparoscopy and robotics continues to increase. In addition, laparoscopic surgical techniques have a different set of inherent risks and challenges as compared with open pelvic operations. This review summarizes the available data surrounding the use of mechanical bowel preparations, specifically with regard to gynecologic laparoscopy. [Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;4(1):28-31 doi: 10.3909/riog0141]
Labor and Birth Literature Reviews
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;4(1):32-33 doi 10.3909/riog0145a]
Cerebral Palsy Literature Reviews
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;4(1):33-34 doi 10.3909/riog0145c]
Menopause Literature Reviews
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;4(1):34 doi 10.3909/riog0145d]
Miscellaneous Literature Reviews
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;4(1):34-35 doi 10.3909/riog0145e]
HOHL Uterine Manipulator Product Reviews
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;4(1):36-37 doi: 10.3909/riog0144]
Pelosi Uterine Manipulator Product Reviews
[Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;4(1):37-38 doi: 10.3909/riog0147]